Title Info
Common name Rice
Scientific name Oryza sativa
Taxonomic group Poaceae
Source Dan L. Perlman
Economic botany Food plants; Fermented products
Food plants Grains and cereals
Keywords Gramineae
Rice, <i>Oryza sativa</i>
Related materials: Rice

Rice. Rice dates back to at least 5,000 years ago in China, and reached India just a few hundred years later, although it is not yet clear when and where it was domesticated. Rice can be grown in several ways: irrigated in standing water (the archtypical rice paddy), as a dry upland crop, in flooded areas, or in lowlands where rain provides the water. In addition, many different cultivars exist, and a different species (Oryza glaberrima) is sometimes grown in West Africa. Apart from being used as a staple food, rice can be used to make alcoholic beverages, such as the Japanese "sake."