Title Info
Common name Sunflower
Scientific name Helianthus annuus
Taxonomic group Asteraceae
Source Dan L. Perlman
Economic botany Food plants; Industrial products
Food plants Vegetables; Oils
Keywords Leguminosae
Sunflower, <i>Helianthus annuus</i>
Related materials: Sunflower

Sunflower. One of the few major food plants native to North America, sunflowers appear to have been cultivated for about 3,000 years. The highly unsaturated oil is used in cooking and margarine, and can even be mixed with diesel fuel. Sunflower seeds are also used as a snack food. The flowers are bee pollinated.