Title Info
Common name Peanut
Scientific name Arachis hypogaea
Taxonomic group Fabaceae
Source Dan L. Perlman
Economic botany Food plants
Food plants Legumes
Keywords Leguminosae
Peanut, <i>Arachis hypogaea</i>
Related materials: Peanut

Peanut. Originally from South America, this plant has been used by humans for over 4,000 years. The seed is high in oil and protein, and is used both to create cooking oil and as a food itself. After the flowers are pollinated, the stems push underground where the pod containing the nuts develops. This odd feature leads to one of the plant's other common names--groundnut--and to its scientific name, as hypogaea means underground.